Joyas Mapuches

Joyas Mapuches muestra

 

 

 

Al usar parte de este texto, no debes exceder 10 las lineas, y siempre debes citar a su autor. Obra protegida por la Ley 17.336. Propiedad Intelectual de Derechos de Autor.


JOYAS FEMENINAS DE LA CULTURA MAPUCHE

 

  DISEÑO DE LAS JOYAS MAPUCHES: la joya  femenina goza de una gran belleza basada en formas geométricos que logran identificarlas con un estilo único y exclusivo dentro del amplio espectro de joyas antiguas a nivel universal, si bien no cuentan con un trabajo detallista, logran una impresionante estética donde destacan formas  cuadradas, trapezoides, circulares, cónicas y redondas, formas antropomorfas y zoomorfas entre otras.          

SIMBOLOGÍA: el significado más profundo de las joyas es que con una  conexión con el mundo celestial, a través de sus diseños e iconografías como figuras antropomorfas, zoomorfas y símbolos dan cuenta de conceptos  relacionados con su cosmovisión, sirven como protección contra los espíritus malignos (pillanes) y conectan con Ngenechen (dios).  Existen una serie de símbolos que hacen referencia a la luna y representa a la mujer (fertilidad),  la vida,  por su parte el sol (antu)  representa la fuerza del hombre;  el cintillo (trarilonko) es donde se concentra el pensamiento y la lucidez;  las joyas pectorales de la mujer hacen referencia a la mujer, su condición de soltera o casada y representan la familia, la descendencia, la ascendencia e invocan a la fecundidad. Existen joyas que se utilizan dependiendo de ciclo fértil de la tierra (primavera, invierno, verano u otoño) lo que habla en forma explícita de la íntima relación que existe entre el mundo mapuche y la naturaleza.  Cada familia goza de joyas que el retafe (orfebre) crea especialmente para cada familia, por lo cual resulta de gran importancia el traspaso de estas joyas que realiza la  abuela a su nieta o la madre a su hija.

*CLASIFICACION DE LAS JOYAS SEGÚN SU USO: las  joyas de la indumentaria femenina mapuche pueden ser clasificadas según un tipo de topología y corresponden al uso que se les da dependiendo de la zona del cuerpo donde se usen.

trarilonko.jpg

       

*Prendas De La Cabeza: los nombres que recibe cada una de estas joyas tienen como pila su denominación de origen según el idioma propio de esta región, cabeza (lonko) que se dividen en adornos propios de la frente como los tocados de las trenzas llamados nitrowe, los tocados de la frente: trarilonkos y aros llamados chawai.

*Prendas Del Cuello: estas se caracterizan por prender de la zona del cuello de las mujeres mapuches, en esta sección haré mención de un tipo de joya que no era fabricado del preciado metal de la plata, pero que merece especial anotación debido a su popularidad, es el caso de los meñaques y llankatu, hermosas joyas fabricadas de chacaritas, piedras de río  y cuentas de vidrios, que solían prender de los cuellos de las mujeres mapuches. Dentro de la clasificación de las joyas de pata del cuello que en mapudzungún se  denominan akucha  (que cuelga) se encuentran entre las cuales se encuentran: traripel, collares y kilkai.    

 prendedor.jpg

*Prendas Del Pecho: Estas Joyas Son Las Populares Dentro De Las Joyas Femeninas Y Se Utilizaban Pendiendo Desde El Pecho O De Los Costados Desde Los Hombros, Tales Como Trapelakuchas, Prendedor De Dos Y Tres Cadenas, Sikiles, Runi Runi, Llol-Llol, Etc., Sujetados Por Decorados Y Grandes Alfileres, Conocidos Como Tupus Y Punzones.

* Del libro Hijos del Viento, Editorial Proa Fundación

SIMBOLOGÍA DE JOYAS REPRESENTATIVAS:

Sikil de placas (joya pectoral colgante): representa principalmente el territorio y la mujer, el espacio fértil donde nace la vida del hombre y de la tierra; las placas que se entrelazan forman cadenas simbolizan la relación entre el hombre, el cielo y la familia,  la aplaca final el territorio y vientre como territorio donde las formas antropomorfas que penden pueden simbolizar la familia o los antepasados.     

Tupu (alfiler): esta joya es principalmente un objeto funcional, es un alfiler hermosamente decorado del cual se prendían o sujetaban las pesadas joyas de la indumentaria mapuche, además representa una mágica protección para las mujeres. Existen muchas versiones y cada una representa diferentes íconos del mundo mapuche: tupu media luna, tupu discoidal, tupu zoomorfo, etc.,  en su interior algunos tupus representa la flor mapuche de we tripantu (año nuevo), otros contienen formas propias de la naturaleza.

Trarilonko (cintillo): existen con monedas de plata, con perlas de plata (llef-llef:que brilla) con placas representa y con técnicas mixtas de placas, perlas y monedas. El trarilonko representa el pensamiento y la conexión religioso-mágica entre el hombre y las divinidades celestiales, esta se lleva en la cabeza y es la más cercana comunicación con los antepasados y los espíritus, es una joya muy preciada y popular en que se utiliza en las ceremonias.    

Kilkai (joya pectoral): esta hermosa joya formada por cadenas y pequeños discos, se utilizaba colgando sobre el pecho, sujetada  desde los hombros con alfileres (punzón o tupu), y contiene hermosos tallados representados generalmente por aves, semillas, flores y diseños representativos de la naturaleza (el agua, la tierra, etc.)

Chawai (aros): son hermosos aros con formas de media luna, trapezoide, pisiforme, etc., generalmente los aros representan formas relacionadas con la fecundidad y fertilidad, en el caso de los aros trapezoide se representa de tierra (fecundidad), en los aros pisiforme se observan formas de peces que cuelgan y que en su interior contienen huevos (fecundidad),  los aros media luna representan  a la luna  y la mujer.

llol-llol.jpg

 

Prendedor de Tres cadenas: esta joya es una de la más usada y populares dentro de las indumentaria femenina, representa el mundo celestial y terrenal del hombre, la placa superior muestra una pareja de aves (dualidad entre hombre y mujer, lo femenino y masculino) sus eslabones son la conexión entre el cielo y lo terrenal y la placa inferior representa la tierra (territorio) y el hombre ( la vida), los discos y formas que penden  pueden ser deidades infraterrenales, la familia o el espíritu de los antepasados.

Fotografías: César Vargas /Texto e imagen: Priscila Guerra H.

 

 


Al usar parte de este texto, no debes exceder 10 las lineas, y siempre debes citar a su autor.

Obra protegida por la Ley 17.336. Propiedad Intelectual de Derechos de Autor.

 

 

|

Comentarios

Awesome article.
Responder
Pretty section of content. I just stumbled upon your website and in accession capital to assert that I get in fact enjoyed account your blog posts. Any way I will be subscribing to your feeds and even I achievement you access consistently rapidly.
Responder
Wonderful blog! I found it while surfing around on Yahoo News. Do you have any tips on how to get listed in Yahoo News? I've been trying for a while but I never seem to get there! Many thanks
Responder
Hello, Neat post. There is an issue along with your web site in internet explorer, might test this? IE nonetheless is the marketplace chief and a good section of other people will miss your excellent writing because of this problem.
Responder
Glad to be one of many visitants on this awesome internet site :D.
Responder
?How to Proofread an Essay for Spelling and Grammar Proofreading is the last step in revising an essay - don't skip it! Only one typo can in certain cases ruin the hard do the job of an entire paper. This lesson will help you get a hold of the right proofreading strategy for you. Proofread Essay for Spelling & Grammar You've brainstormed, you've written and revised a smashing thesis, you've picked compelling examples and crafted exciting body paragraphs. and then delivered a smashing summary that's definitely going to convince your reader of your beauty, intelligence and wit. So you're done, right? Of course not! There's a particular alot more step to go, and that's to proofread your essay. What is Proofreading? Proofreading is the final step in revising your essay, where you check for grammar and spelling mistakes. missing words, and typos which you will probably not have caught though making other edits. It's also really tough! Mark Twain once wrote 'You think that you are reading proof, whereas you might be merely reading your personal mind; your statement with the thing is complete of holes and vacancies but you don't know it, when you consider that you will be filling them from your mind as you go along.' In other words, you've written the piece, so your mind tends to fill inside blanks even if errors are staring you with the face. Why Proofreading? I'm not going to lie to you. Plenty of students skip or shortchange the proofreading step when composing their papers. Composing a effective essay is hard do the trick, and after developing and reorganizing and polishing your paragraphs and examples, it's relatively easy to get too tired of searching at your unique piece to need to proofread it. Can't you just turn it in? Won't your teacher understand? That's a perfectly understandable way to really feel, but it's the wrong perspective. Proofreading is important not as of what it adds to your essay, but given that of what it prevents. And what it prevents is catastrophe: nothing less than the annihilation of all of your hard operate simply because of the misused comma, a run-on sentence or an incorrect possessive. Sounds melodramatic, doesn't it? But take this passage from a single for the stories in Sir Arthur Conan Doyle 's Adventures of Sherlock Holmes . 'Life is infinitely stranger than anything which the mind of man could invent.' The sentence is firm, conclusive, and elegantly phrased. Now glance on the same sentence with some proofreading errors: 'Life is infinitaly stranger then anything which mind of man could invent.' See that the meaning in the sentence hasn't changed in any way, but a particular misspelling ('infinitely'), one particular grammar mistake ('then' instead of 'than') and just one typo ('the' is missing from the sentence), as well as the sentence has completely lost its power. Remember that an essay is undoubtedly an argument which you are constructing on your reader, ultimately trying to persuade him or her of your point of check out. By skipping the proofreading step, you risk letting silly mistakes slip through. Taken on their own personal, they may not matter substantially, but from the context of your essay, an error like exchanging 'to' in case you mean 'too' can ruin your credibility. Proofreading will allow you to definitely keep that credibility. Proofreading Strategies Get up from your paper and do something else for awhile. Seriously, go examine something, eat a meal, perform a game - whatever you'll do to get your paper out of your head for awhile. In the event you try to proofread immediately after you finish composing, it's noticeably harder to see the mistakes you may have made. This won't succeed during a timed exam, of course, in which case you should nonetheless make use of the strategies that follow without taking a break. But if you should can stop trying at your essay for a bit, you should. Discover the Right Proofreading Strategy for You It's important to get hold of a proofreading strategy that will work for you. Some people prefer to proofread which includes a paper copy of their essay, for instance, when others are comfortable editing on their own computers. Everyone's different, so it makes feeling to try a number of these strategies until you track down the just one that's the right fit. Below are several. Unlock Content Over 35,000 lessons in all major subjects Get No charge entry for 5 days, just generate an account. No obligation, cancel anytime. Select a subject to preview related courses: If working over a computer, use your word processor's spell checker and grammar checker before you proofread. Make sure to assess every single correction individually, however, as your computer doesn't always have perfect grammar or understand a certain spelling in an unfamiliar context. Learn your essay back again to yourself. As you examine your essay aloud, the minimal errors that you just may perhaps normally glaze over suddenly pop out at you. If you're inside a room that should be quiet (like a tests center), just check out quietly beneath your breath so as not to disturb your classmates. Browse your essay backward. If reading aloud isn't your style, try reading your essay from the bottom up, commencing with the last sentence belonging to the last paragraph and working your way backward. This way, you take absent the context of your sentences and will have to start looking at every single individually. Figure out the forms of errors you typically make, and proofread for 1 error in a time. For instance, if you happen to tend mess up 'their,' 'they're' and 'there' a lot, glimpse for this type of error into your paper for starters. Or if you happen to have trouble with commas and semicolons, go through your paper and just check these punctuation marks. Make sure your tenses don't shift, that kind of stuff. Correcting for an individual error in a time makes it easier to not become overwhelmed and will make you a even more efficient proofreader. Once you've covered the mistakes that usually trip you up, do a final general proofread for anything you would possibly have missed. Don't forget to proofread your changes. You may think you're concluded with your proofreading, but if you've made any significant revisions - say you scan your paper aloud and didn't like a particular section so you changed it - don't forget to proof these changes too. I'd be pretty embarrassed to count the variety of times I've revised a piece of creating only to see some error crop up within a section I'd rewritten due to the fact I was too lazy to proofread it. Lesson Summary Proofreading is the final step with the editing course of action, where you correct for typos, spelling mistakes and grammar mistakes. If you ever don't proofread, you risk letting errors into your do the trick that ruin your credibility and all the hard show results you put into your essay. Get the strategy that operates for you, as well as trying to identify the kinds of errors you usually make, then proofreading for them one particular by just one, reading your essay backward and/or reading the essay aloud. Don't forget to step absent from your essay for awhile before proofreading if conceivable, so you'll have a fresher perspective should you come again to it. Lesson Goal After watching this lesson, you should be able to describe and interpret different proofreading strategies to your individual essays. Earning College Credit Did you know… We have over 79 college courses that prepare you to definitely earn credit by exam that is certainly accepted by over two,000 colleges and universities. One can examination out belonging to the very first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education stage. Transferring credit to the school of your choice Not sure what college you need to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you discover the school that's right for you. Research Schools, Degrees & Careers Get the unbiased info you require to acquire the right school. Browse Articles By Category
Responder
Loving the info on this website, you have done outstanding job on the blog posts.
Responder
What's up colleagues, its enormous post concerning tutoringand entirely explained, keep it up all the time.
Responder
Wonderful blog! I found it while surfing around on Yahoo News. Do you have any suggestions on how to get listed in Yahoo News? I've been trying for a while but I never seem to get there! Cheers
Responder
Hello just wanted to give you a quick heads up. The words in your article seem to be running off the screen in Opera. I'm not sure if this is a formatting issue or something to do with web browser compatibility but I thought I'd post to let you know. The style and design look great though! Hope you get the issue fixed soon. Thanks
Responder
Your style is very unique in comparison to other people I've read stuff from. I appreciate you for posting when you've got the opportunity, Guess I will just book mark this page.
Responder
I'm pretty pleased to find this site. I need to to thank you for your time just for this wonderful read!! I definitely really liked every part of it and i also have you saved as a favorite to check out new stuff on your website.
Responder
Currently it sounds like Drupal is the preferred blogging platform available right now. (from what I've read) Is that what you are using on your blog?
Responder
Hurrah, that's what I was seeking for, what a information! present here at this blog, thanks admin of this web site.
Responder
I'm really enjoying the design and layout of your site. It's a very easy on the eyes which makes it much more enjoyable for me to come here and visit more often. Did you hire out a designer to create your theme? Great work!
Responder
Admiring the hard work you put into your blog and detailed information you offer. It's great to come across a blog every once in a while that isn't the same unwanted rehashed material. Wonderful read! I've bookmarked your site and I'm adding your RSS feeds to my Google account.
Responder
Asking questions are really nice thing if you are not understanding anything completely, however this article gives fastidious understanding yet.
Responder
My family always say that I am killing my time here at net, except I know I am getting know-how all the time by reading such pleasant articles or reviews.
Responder
Right now it sounds like Drupal is the best blogging platform out there right now. (from what I've read) Is that what you're using on your blog?
Responder
First of all I want to say excellent blog! I had a quick question which I'd like to ask if you don't mind. I was curious to know how you center yourself and clear your head prior to writing. I have had a hard time clearing my thoughts in getting my ideas out. I do take pleasure in writing but it just seems like the first 10 to 15 minutes are usually lost simply just trying to figure out how to begin. Any ideas or hints? Thanks!
Responder
We are a gaggle of volunteers and opening a new scheme in our community. Your site provided us with helpful info to work on. You have done a formidable task and our entire group will likely be grateful to you.
Responder
I'm extremely inspired along with your writing abilities and also with the layout in your blog. Is that this a paid subject matter or did you customize it your self? Anyway keep up the excellent quality writing, it is rare to look a great blog like this one today..
Responder
What's up, after reading this remarkable piece of writing i am also delighted to share my knowledge here with mates.
Responder
Fantastic beat ! I would like to apprentice while you amend your website, how could i subscribe for a blog site? The account aided me a acceptable deal. I had been tiny bit acquainted of this your broadcast offered bright clear idea
Responder
Greetings from Colorado! I'm bored to tears at work so I decided to check out your website on my iphone during lunch break. I really like the information you provide here and can't wait to take a look when I get home. I'm surprised at how quick your blog loaded on my mobile .. I'm not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyways, awesome blog!
Responder
Can I simply just say what a relief to find someone who genuinely knows what they're talking about over the internet. You certainly know how to bring an issue to light and make it important. A lot more people need to check this out and understand this side of your story. It's surprising you aren't more popular because you certainly possess the gift.
Responder
Hello there! Do you use Twitter? I'd like to follow you if that would be okay. I'm definitely enjoying your blog and look forward to new updates.
Responder
Excellent post. I certainly appreciate this website. Thanks!
Responder
Hi would you mind sharing which blog platform you're working with? I'm going to start my own blog in the near future but I'm having a hard time choosing between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal. The reason I ask is because your layout seems different then most blogs and I'm looking for something completely unique. P.S Sorry for being off-topic but I had to ask!
Responder
I was expecting keith sweat
Responder
Good article! We will be linking to this great content on our website. Keep up the great writing.
Responder
Por eso, hoy, podemos decir, que si buscas porno de calidad, en VIDEOS PORNO GRATIS podrás hallar la mejor selección de vídeos tanto de procedencia norteamericana como el mejor porno nacional.
Responder
Your method of telling all in this paragraph is truly good, all be able to without difficulty know it, Thanks a lot.
Responder
It's great that you are getting ideas from this paragraph as well as from our discussion made at this time.
Responder
I'm really loving the theme/design of your weblog. Do you ever run into any internet browser compatibility problems? A handful of my blog visitors have complained about my blog not working correctly in Explorer but looks great in Opera. Do you have any solutions to help fix this issue?
Responder
excellent put up, very informative. I wonder why the opposite specialists of this sector do not realize this. You must proceed your writing. I'm sure, you have a great readers' base already!
Responder
Hello, Neat post. There's an issue with your web site in internet explorer, would check this? IE nonetheless is the marketplace leader and a big portion of folks will omit your great writing because of this problem.
Responder
Glad to be one of the visitors on this awful internet site :D.
Responder
Hey there! This is my first comment here so I just wanted to give a quick shout out and say I truly enjoy reading through your posts. Can you suggest any other blogs/websites/forums that go over the same subjects? Thanks a lot!
Responder
This page certainly has all the information I needed about this subject and didn't know who to ask.
Responder
Stunning quest there. What happened after? Good luck!
Responder
Hi i am kavin, its my first time to commenting anyplace, when i read this piece of writing i thought i could also create comment due to this brilliant piece of writing.
Responder
These are actually impressive ideas in about blogging. You have touched some good things here. Any way keep up wrinting.
Responder
Hi there to every body, it's my first pay a quick visit of this webpage; this weblog contains amazing and actually good information in favor of readers.
Responder

Busco joyas con figura de Pillan, costo, envío y forma de pago. Saber si estos pueden ser encargados según modelo entregado.

Responder
Precisely what I was looking for, thanks for putting up.
Responder
Thanks man this really help a lot
Responder
Wonderful blog! I found it while surfing around on Yahoo News. Do you have any tips on how to get listed in Yahoo News? I've been trying for a while but I never seem to get there! Appreciate it
Responder
I for all time emailed this blog post page to all my contacts, for the reason that if like to read it next my contacts will too.
Responder
You made some decent points there. I looked on the net for more info about the issue and found most people will go along with your views on this website.
Responder

Escribe un comentario

¿Quieres usar tu foto? - Inicia tu sesión o Regístrate gratis »
Comentarios de este artículo en RSS
Cerrar